Waste management risks
In the category of assimilable waste, we find waste from special household appliances: they cannot be collected or disposed of by the same path as regular household waste insofar as they represent a threat permanent for men. These products that we use become effectively toxic, corrosive, polluting, flammable or in any way generally harmful to the environment: for example, batteries, paints, solvents, drugs, used oil, etc.
Other type of wastes such as special household items are currently not collected, nor given any specific treatment. They are unfortunately dumped in the sink, in nature if they are liquid or thrown in the trash. They are therefore treated with regular waste, but, if they are landfilled, they risk polluting the water by infiltration, soil and air. In addition, they are collected with normal waste and if they are composted with it, they may disrupt fermentation and stop the microbial activity essential for the production of compost.
Beyond the real toxicity contained in this waste, the ignorance of users constitutes also a danger. There is probably a lack of information and education since very often the holders of these productsare not aware of the degree of toxicity of the product.
Green waste (lawn mowing, hedge trimmings, products prunings, etc.) are found in particular in large quantities after the passage of a cyclone. In general, they are either collected in at the same time as the bulky items, or they are collected and then composted on place or nearby. These wastes also have characteristics comparable to those of the fermentable material of regular household waste: (1) they ferment very easily, in particular thanks to the clippings, (2) when stored in a landfill, they produce many nuisances, like flow of acidic juices, (3) they burn quite badly because they are rich in water.
Material recovery of this waste type was therefore highly desirable because it contains organic matter. So, composting is an interesting solution because it makes it possible to obtain a fertilizer product for the soils and limit the quantities to be landfilled.
Next to this composting carried out on a platform, individual composting in the garden is therefore possible through an individual composter that the individual install at home. Nevertheless, even if families sort out putrescible materials (leftover meals, peelings …) to make compost, it only partially solves the problems of waste disposal. Indeed, most of the waste household appliances, the largest but also the most toxic, cannot be selectively collected.
Also, experts at dumpster rentals in Buffalo affirm that curbside recycling cannot be a solution in itself to solve waste problems, but, in order to be effective, it must find upstream in the production and distribution system of the product.
A compost bin can be install at residents’ homes. He treats his vegetable waste himself. But, for composting in the garden to be effective and feasible, environmental mediators have visited homes so that users learn how to produce their own soil. This inhabitant who lives in Buffalo, NY follows scrupulously the advice given by mediators; he strews flowers in his backyard in using its own soil which allows it to save money since before. With the arrival of the compost bin, he was forced to buy manure from a private individual.
There is also hospital waste or waste from care and analyzes. There are three main categories of hospital waste: (1) wastes that are separated from households such as meal preparations: they are similar to normal waste and follow the same treatment channels as the household waste; (2) waste used during treatment and which does not present any danger of contamination are also assimilated to regular waste when a rigorous sorting is established at the service level to separate them from waste contaminated.
Concerning hazardous or contaminated waste, in order to be disposed of in good conditions, they must be conditioned in single-use, leak-proof and easily identifiable containers. They must also be transported in suitable vehicles and be incinerated according to the terms of the law in New York State.
That said, the disposal routes are by incineration, either in the local incinerators or in incinerators located in hospitals. But, some of these incineration units do not meet the regulatory criteria. Thus, hospital waste is not eliminated the most
often under controlled, controlled and satisfactory conditions, whether both functional and regulatory.